Very often our tour guides respond the question what the nuclear reactor is. But, have you ever wondered what it consists of?
Nuclear reactor is an instrument with the purpose to control a chain reaction of pressure accompanied by the emission of energy ☝️so called reaction of fission 👍
First nuclear reactor was built and launched in 1942(USA).
Canada had some success to build the reactor ZEEP right after USA in 1945. Good job, isn’t it?
And just to make a long story short soviet reactors had to be even better then the prior ones 😱 They used to generate electricity with a help of reactors RBMK-1000(1957, Russia). Chernobyl nuclear power plant was built in 1970 and the first reactor was launched in 1977🤔so, let’s talk about this type of reactors.
The RBMK reactor is graphite-moderated, so a core of solid graphite is responsible for slowing down fast neutrons in the reactor core. In fact, the name RBMK is a Russian acronym for “High-powered channel-type reactor”. This is a relatively uncommon reactor design, with most reactors in use recently using water as their moderator.🤔If so, then….
Fuel channels – is a place where the reaction occurs
Control rods – are purposed to cool down the reaction and always inserted in between fuel channels.
Cooling system (water cooling pumps). It’s very crucial for cooling water to be pumped around the core, because if water doesn’t go through the reactor it may melt down easily.
Do you know something about reactors? If yes, please, share your knowledge in comments 🙂